John James Audubon (best known for his double-elephant folio Birds of America) drew a sharp distinction between the North American badger and the European badger. One difference, easily seen in these illustrations of both, is the relationship of the eyes to the dark or white stripes.
North American badger:
Most illustrations of our own Bucky Badger show clearly that he is a North American badger (eyes in the white stripes, not the dark ones). For an assortment of photos and illustrations of Bucky over time, see images from University Archives in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Collection within the UW Digital Collections: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/UW.UWMadison.
Boxing Bucky (1965):