This guide is in progress. 

Beasley, V.B. (2002). Engendering democratic change: How three U.S. presidents discussed female suffrage. Rhetoric & Public Affairs 5, 79-103.

Borda, J.L. (2002). The woman suffrage parades of 1910-1913: Possibilities and limitations of an early feminist rhetorical strategy. Western Journal of Communication 66, 25-52.

Bosmajian, H.A. (1974). The abrogation of the suffragists’ First Amendment rights. Western Journal of Speech Communication 38, 218-232.

Cogan, J.K. (1997). The look within: Property, capacity, and suffrage in Nineteenth Century America. The Yale Law Journal 107, 473-498.

Cogan, J.K. & Ginzberg, L.D. (1997). 1846 Petition for woman’s suffrage, New York State Constitutional Convention. Signs 22, 427-439.

Dow, B.J. (1991). The ‘Womanhood’ Rationale in the Woman Suffrage Rhetoric of Frances E. Willard. Southern Communication Journal 56, 298-307.

Drinker, S.H. (1962). Votes for women in 18th-Century New Jersey. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 80, 34-42.

Du Bois, E.C. (1987). Working women, class relations, and suffrage militance: Harriot Stanton Blatch and the New York woman suffrage movement, 1894-1909. The Journal of American History 74, 34-58.

Gertzog, I.N. (1990). Female suffrage in New Jersey, 1790-1807. Women & Politics 11, 47-58.

Goldberg, M.L. (1994). Non-partisan and all-partisan: Rethinking woman suffrage and party politics in Gilded Age Kansas. Western Historical Quarterly 25, 21-44.

Graham, S.H. (1983-1984). Woodrow Wilson, Alice Paul, and the woman suffrage movement. Political Science Quarterly 98, 665-79.

Hayden, S. (1999). Negotiating femininity and power in the early Twentieth Century West: Domestic ideology and feminine style in Jeannette Rankin’s suffrage rhetoric. Communication Studies 50, 83-102.

Holton, S.S. (1994). ‘To educate women into the rebellion’: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the creation of a Transatlantic network of radical suffragists. The American Historical Review 99, 1113-1136.

Huxman, S.S. (2000). Perfecting the rhetorical vision of woman’s rights: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Anna Howard Shaw, and Carrie Chapman Catt. Women’s Studies in Communication 23, 307-336.

Johnson, K.R. (1970). White racial attitudes as a factor in the arguments against the Nineteenth Amendment. Phylon 31, 31-37.

Klinghoffer, J.A. & Elkis, L. (1992). ‘The petticoat electors’: Women’s suffrage in New Jersey, 1776-1807. Journal of the Early Republic 12, 159-193.

Kowal, D.M. (2000). One cause, two paths: Militant v. adjustive strategies in the British and American women’s suffrage movements. Communication Quarterly 48, 240-255.

Lakey, G. (1968). Technique and ethos in nonviolent action: The woman suffrage cause. Sociological Inquiry 38, 37-42.

Landsman, G.H. (1992). The ‘other’ as political symbol: Images of Indians in the woman suffrage movement. Ethnohistory 39, 247-284.

Larson, T.A. (1970). Woman suffrage in Western America. Utah Historical Quarterly 38, 7-19.

Lumsden, L. (1995). Suffragist: The making of a militant. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 72(3), 525-538. Retrieved from

Lunardini, C.A. & Knock, T.J. (1980-1981). Woodrow Wilson and woman suffrage: A new look. Political Science Quarterly 95, 655-671.

Maddux, K. (2004). When patriots protest: the anti-suffrage discursive transformation of 1917. Rhetoric & Pubic Affairs 7, 283-310.

McCammon, H.J. (2003). ‘Out of the parlors and into the streets’: the changing tactical repertoire of the U.S. women’s suffrage movements. Social Forces 81, 787-818.

McCammon, H.J. (2001). Stirring up suffrage sentiment: the formation of state woman suffrage organizations, 1866-1914. Social Forces 80, 449-480.

McCammon, H.J. & Campbell, K.E. (2001). Winning the vote in the West: the political successes of the women’s suffrage movements, 1866-1919. Gender & Society 15, 55-82.

McCammon, H.J., Campbell, K.E., Granberg, E.M., & Mowery, C. (2001). How movements win: Gendered opportunity structures and U.S. women’s suffrage movements, 1866-1919. American Sociological Review 66, 49-70.

McCormick, R.P. (1974). Ethno-cultural interpretations of Nineteenth-Century American voting behavior. Political Science Quarterly 89, 351-377.

Philbrook, M. (1939). Woman’s suffrage in New Jersey prior to 1807. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 57, 87-98.

Pole, J.R. (1956). Suffrage reform and the American Revolution in New Jersey. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 74, 173-193.

Slagell, A.R. (2001). The rhetorical structure of Frances E. Willard’s campaign for woman suffrage, 1876-1896. Rhetoric & Public Affairs 4, 1-23.

Steinfeld, R.J. (1998). Property and suffrage in the early republic. Stanford Law Review 41, 335-376.

Strom, S.H. (1975). Leadership and tactics in the American woman suffrage movement: A new perspective from Massachusetts. Journal of
American History 62, 296-315.

Thurner, M. (1993, Spring). ‘Better citizens without the ballot’: American anti-suffrage women and their rationale during the Progressive Era. Journal of Women’s History 5, 33-60.

Turner, E.R. (1916). Women’s suffrage in New Jersey: 1790-1807. Smith College Studies in History 1, 165-187.