School-Related Gender-Based Violence (SRGBV): A Global Bibliography (Strand 2018)

Developed by Karla J. Strand, DPhil, MLIS
Gender and Women’s Studies Librarian
University of Wisconsin
August 2018

This bibliography is number 87 in the series “Bibliographies in Gender and Women’s Studies,” published by the University of Wisconsin System Office of the Gender and Women’s Studies Librarian.

Introduction

This bibliography is focused on books, articles, and online resources regarding school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). It only includes items that have a specific gender focus, so articles about corporal punishment or bullying in schools more generally are not included. It also doesn’t usually include items that are focused on gender-based violence outside of schools, even if about youth. Resources from around the world are included but only if written in English.

If you have suggestions for additions or updates, please contact Karla Strand.

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Abdel Ghani, M. (2009). Violence against school girls in Omdurman locality. Ahfad University for Women.

Abrahams, N. (2003). School violence: Another burden facing the girl child. A paper presented at the Second South African Gender-based Violence and Health Conference, Johannesburg.

Abrahams, N.S. & Ramela, P. (2006). Intersection of sanitation, sexual violence, and girls’ safety in schools. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 11(5).

Abuya, B.A., Onsomu, E.O., Moore, K., & Sagwe, J. (2012). A phenomenological study of sexual harassment and violence among girls attending high schools in urban slums. Journal of School Violence, 11(4), 323–344.

Action Aid International. (2004). Stop violence against girls in school. Johannesburg: Action Aid International Saxonwold.

Action Aid International Uganda. (2004). Scoping study on gender-based violence in educational institutions in Uganda: A summary of findings. Kampala, Uganda: Action Aid International Uganda.

Altinyelken, H.K. & Le Mat, M. (2018). Sexual violence, schooling and silence: Teacher narratives from a secondary school in Ethiopia. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 48(4), 648-664.

Antonowicz, L. (2010). Too often in silence: A report on school-based violence in West and Central Africa. Dakar, Senegal: UNICEF. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/cotedivoire/Too_often_in_silence_Report.pdf

Asrari, L. (27 November 2017). How teachers can help end gender-based violence in schools. Plan International. Retrieved from https://plan-international.org/blog/2017/11/how-teachers-can-help-end-gender-based-violence-schools

B&M Development Consultant. (2008). A study on violence against girls in primary schools and its impacts on girls’ education in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Save the Children Denmark. Retrieved from http://library.unesco-iicba.org/English/Girls%20Education/All%20Articles/Violence%20and%20Conflict/A%20Study%20on%20Violence%20against%20Girls%20in%20Primary%20Schools.pdf

Badri, A.Y. (2014). School-gender-based violence in Africa: Prevalence and consequences. Global Journal of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-20. Retrieved from http://eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/School-gender-based-violence-in-Africa-Prevalence-and-consequences.pdf

Barasa, S.F., Wamue-Ngare, G., & Wanjama, L. (2013).  Experience of school-related gender-based violence by pupils and the culture of silence: A case of primary schools in Kasarani District, Nairobi County, Kenya. International Journal of Education and Research 1(3), 1-20. Retrieved from https://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/bitstream/handle/123456789/9908/Experience%20of%20school-related%20gender-based%20violence…..pdf?sequence=4

Bekele, A.B., van Aken, M.A.G. & Dubas, J.S. (2011). Sexual violence victimization among female secondary school students in Eastern Ethiopia. Violence and Victims, 26(5), 608–630.

Beninger, C. (2013). Combating sexual violence in schools in sub-Saharan Africa: Legal strategies under regional and international human rights law. African Human Rights Law Journal, 13(2), 281-301. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1996-20962013000200003&lng=en&tlng=en

Bhana, D. (2009). Violence—a gendered perspective in education. Agenda, 23(80), 2-6.

Bhana, D. (2012). “Girls are not free” – in and out of the South African school. International Journal of Educational Development, 32, 352-358.

Bhana, D. (2013). Gender violence in and around schools: Time to get to zero. African Safety Promotional Journal, 11(2), 38-47.

Bhatla, N., Achyut, P., Khan, N., & Walia, S. (2014). Are schools safe and gender equal spaces? Findings from a baseline study of school related gender-based violence in five countries in Asia. Washington, D.C.: International Center for Research on Women (ICRW).

Bisika, T., Ntata, P., & Konyani, S. (2009). Gender-violence and education in Malawi: A study of violence against girls as an obstruction to universal primary school education. Journal of Gender Studies, 18(3), 287–294.

Brohi, N. & Anjaib, A. (2006). Violence against girls in the education system of Pakistan. In F. Leach and C. Mitchell (eds), Combating gender violence in and around schools. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham.

Brown, A. (2016). School-based gender-related violence in Namibia: Causes and manifestations. Commonwealth Youth and Development, 14(1), 54-64. Retrieved from https://journals.co.za/docserver/fulltext/cydev_v14_n1_a4.pdf?expires=1544932161&id=id&accname=58433&checksum=A893564BA687C38AE7BF33D3223B2ECB

Brown, C.K. (2003). Sexual abuse of school children in Ghana. Ghana: Centre for Development Studies, University of Cape Coast.

Burton, P. (2005). Suffering at school: Results of the Malawi gender-based violence in schools survey. Pretoria, South Africa: Institute for Security Studies.

Burton, P. & Leoschut, L. (2013). School violence in South Africa: Results of the 2012 National School Violence Study. Cape Town: Centre for Justice and Crime Prevention. Monograph Series, 12.

Centre for Educational Research and Training (CERT) and Development Technology Systems (Dev. Tech.). (2008). The Safe Schools Program: A qualitative study to examine school-related gender-based violence in Malawi. Washington, DC: USAID.

Chabaya, O., Rembe, S., Wadesango, N., & Mafanya, Z. (2009). Factors that inhibit implementation of policies on gender-based violence in schools: A case study of two districts in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Agenda, 23(80), 97-108.

Chege, F. (2006). Teacher identities and empowerment of girls against sexual violence. Florence, Italy: UNICEF Innocenti Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/elim-disc-violgirlchild/ExpertPapers/EP.13%20chege.pdf

Chen, J., & Astor, R. (2009). The perpetration of school violence in Taiwan: An analysis of gender, grade level and school type. School Psychology International, 30(6), 568–584.

Chireshe, R. & Chireshe, E. (2009). Sexual harassment of female students in three selected high schools in urban Masvingo, Zimbabwe. Agenda, 23(80), 88-96.

Concern Worldwide, Catholic Relief Services, Ibis & Plan International. (2010). National study on school-related gender-based violence in Sierra Leone. Retrieved from https://www.concern.net/sites/www.concern.net/files/resource/2012/11/5875-srgbv_study_final.pdf

Daluxolo, N.N., & Moletsane, R. (2015). Using transformative pedagogies for the prevention of gender-based violence: Reflections from a secondary school-based intervention. Agenda, 29(3), 66-78.

de Lange, N., Mitchell, C., & Bhana, D. (2012). Voices of women teachers about gender inequalities and gender-based violence in rural South Africa. Gender and Education, 24(5), 499–514.

de Lange, N. & Mitchell, C. (2014). Building a future without gender violence: Rural teachers and youth in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, leading community dialogue. Gender & Education, 26(5), 584-599.

Department of Education. (2001). Opening our eyes: Addressing gender-based violence in South Africa’s schools. Pretoria: Canadian–South African Management Programme.

DevTech Systems. (2004). The Safe Schools Program Ethiopia assessment report: April 26th–May 7th, 2004. Washington, DC: DevTech Systems, Inc. Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNACY692.pdf

DevTech Systems. (2006). The Safe Schools Program: Quantitative research instrument to measure school-related gender-based violence. Washington, D.C.: United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADK402.pdf

Dunne, M., Humphreys, S.; & Leach, F. (2006). Gender violence in schools in the developing world. Gender and Education, 18(1).

Espelage, D., Basile, K., & Hamburger, M. (2012). Bullying perpetration and subsequent sexual violence perpetration among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(1), 60–65.

Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE). (2004). Stop the abuse…Combating gender violence in schools. FAWE News, 12(3). Retrieved from http://www.fawe.org/Files/fawe_news_12-3.pdf

Gådin, K. (2012). Sexual harassment of girls in elementary school: A concealed phenomenon within a heterosexual romantic discourse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27(9), 1762–1779.

Global Working Group to End SRGBV & United National Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). (2016). Briefing paper addressing school-related gender-based violence is critical for safe learning environments in refugee contexts. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6347.html

Global Working Group to End SRGBV & United National Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). (n.d.). A whole school approach to prevent school-related gender-based violence. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6522.html

Greene, M.E., Robles, O., Stout, K., & Suvilaakso, T. (2013). A girl’s right to learn without fear: Working to end gender-based violence in school. Surrey, England: Plan International. Retrieved from http://plan-international.org/aboutplan/resources/publications/campaigns/a-girl2019s-right-to-learn-without-fear

Haffejee, S. (2006). Waiting opportunities: Adolescent girls experiences of gender-based violence at schools. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation. Retrieved from http://www.csvr.org.za/wits/papers/paphaff.htm

Hallam, S. (1994). Crimes without punishment: Sexual harassment and violence against female students in schools and universities in Africa. Discussion Paper No. 4. London: Africa Rights.

Heslop, J. (November 2016). Technical brief: Engaging communities in dialogue on gender norms to tackle sexual violence in and around schools. Global Working Group to End SRGBV. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6343.html

Human Rights Watch (2001). Scared at school: Sexual violence against girls in South Africa schools. New York: Human Rights Watch.

Humphreys, S. (2008). Gendering corporal punishment: Beyond the discourse of human rights. Gender and Education, 20(5), 527–540.

Jacobs, L. (2014). Framing of school violence in the South African printed media – (mis)information to the
public. South African Journal of Education, 34, 16.

Jones, N., & Jessica, E. (2008). Increasing visibility and promoting policy action to tackle sexual exploitation in and around schools in Africa: A briefing paper with a focus on West Africa. Dakar, Senegal: Plan International, West Africa Regional Office. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/wcaro/Rapport_plan_LWF_web_(3).pdf

Keddie, A. (2009). Some of those girls can be real drama queens: Issues of gender, sexual harassment and schooling. Sex Education, 9(1), 1–16.

Keller, J., Golden, N.H., Kapphahn, C., Mboya, B.O., Sinclair, J., Githua, O.W., Mulinge, M., Bergholz, L., & Paiva, L. (2017). A 6-week school curriculum improves boys’ attitudes and behaviors related to gender-based violence in Kenya. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32(4), 535-557.

Kibriya, S., Tkach, B., Ahn, J., Valdez Gonzalez, N., Xu, Z., & Zhang, Y. (2016). The effects of school-related gender-based violence on academic performance: Evidence from Botswana, Ghana, and South Africa. Washington DC: United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6393.html

Kim, J.H., Bailey, S., Erkut, S., Aoudeh, N., & Ceder, I. (2008). Unsafe schools: A literature review of school-related gender-based violence in developing countries. Arlington, Virginia: Development and Training Services.

Kowzan, P. (2009). Teachers and school violence: A comparative study of Danish, American and Polish phenomena. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in Social Sciences, 1(3), 736-747. Retrieved from https://www.japss.org/upload/10._Kowzanarticle.pdf

Lancaster, I.M. (2008). Racing, classing, and gendering school-related violence in three Johannesburg secondary schools. University of Maryland. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1903/8877

Leach, F. (2002). School-based gender violence in Africa: A risk to adolescent sexual health. Perspectives in Education, 20(2), 99-112.

Leach, F. (2006). Researching gender violence in schools: methodological and ethical considerations. World Development, 34(6), 1129-1147.

Leach, F. (2015). Researching gender violence in schools in poverty contexts: conceptual and methodological challenges. In Gender Violence in Poverty Contexts: The educational challenge. Edited by J. Parkes. London: Routledge.

Leach, F., Dunne, M., & Salvi, F. (2014). School-related gender-based violence: A global review of current issues and approaches in policy, programming and implementation responses to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) for the Education Sector. Paris, France: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/HIV-AIDS/pdf/SRGBV_UNESCO_Global_ReviewJan2014.pdf

Leach, F., Fiscian, V., Kadzamira, E., Lemani, E., & Machakanja, P. (August 2003). An investigative study of the abuse of girls in African schools. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6213.html

Leach, F. & Humphreys, S. (2007). Gender violence in schools: Taking the ‘girls-as-victims’ discourse forward. Gender and Development 15(1), 51-65.

Leach, F. & Machakanja, P. (2000). A preliminary investigation into the abuse of girls in Zimbabwean junior secondary schools. Education Research no. 39. London: Department for International Development (DfID).

Leach, F., Machakanja, P., & Mandoga, J. (2000). Preliminary investigation of the abuse of girls in Zimbabwean junior secondary schools—Education Research Paper No. 39. London, England: Department for International Development (DfID). Retrieved from http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/PDF/Outputs/Gender/paper39.pdf

Leach, F. & Mitchell, C. (Eds.). (2006). Combating gender violence in and around schools. London: Trentham.

Leach, F. & Sitaram, S. (2007). Sexual harassment and abuse of adolescent schoolgirls in South India. Education, Citizenship and Social Justice, 2(3). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1746197907081262

Leach, F., Slade, E., & Dunne, M. (2012). Desk review for concern: Promising practice in school related
gender based violence (SRGBV) Prevention and Response Programming Globally. Dublin: Concern
Worldwide.

Leach, F., Slade, E., & Dunne, M. (2013). Promising practice in school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) prevention and response programming globally. Report commissioned for Concern Worldwide. Dublin, Ireland: Concern Worldwide. Retrieved from https://www.concern.net/sites/default/files/resource/2012/11/5878-promising_practice_in_school_related_gbv_prevention_and_response_programming_2012.pdf

Mack, L. (2009). Girls getting to secondary school safely: Combating gender-based violence in the transportation sector in Tanzania. Washington, DC: Academy for Educational Development. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED537465.pdf

Mansour, Z., and S. Karam. (2012). School-related gender based violence (SRGBV) in Lebanon. Beirut, Lebanon: UNESCO Regional Bureau for Education in the Arab States, Beirut. Retrieved from https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000219623

Manzini-Henwood, C., Dlamini, N., & Obare, F. (2015). School-based girls’ clubs as a means of addressing sexual and gender-based violence in Swaziland. BMC Proceedings, 1–3.

Meyer, E. (2008). Gendered harassment in high school: Understanding teachers’ (non)interventions. Gender and Education, 20(6), 555–570.

Mgalla, Z., Schapink, D., & Boerma, T. (1998). Protecting school girls against sexual exploitation: A guardian programme in Mwanza, Tanzania. Reproductive Health Matters, 6(12), 19-30. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0968808098900040

Miller, E. (2014). Evaluation of a gender-based violence prevention program for student athletes in Mumbai, India. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(4), 758–778.

Mirembe, R. & Davies, L. (2001). Is schooling a risk? Gender, power relations, and school culture in Uganda. Gender & Education, 13(4), 401-416.

Mitchell, C., & Mothobi-Tapela, I. (2004). Taking action: Gender-based violence in and around schools in Swaziland and Zimbabwe. New York, NY: UNICEF. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/violencestudy/pdf/Taking%20Action%20main%20pages.pdf

Modiba, N.S. (2018). Managing gender-based violence and harassment in African schools to enable performance of all genders. Journal of Gender, Information & Development in Africa, 7(2), 185-203.

Moma, A.K. (2015). Informing school-led intervention and prevention of sexual violence against girls at school: Voices from the school playground. Agenda, 29(3), 42-52.

Morojele, P. (2009). Gender violence: Narratives and experiences of girls in three rural primary schools in Lesotho. Agenda, 23(80), 80-87.

Mpiana, K. (2011). The perceptions that grade twelve learners have about sexual violence against girls in the school context. African Journal of Business Management 5(23), 9992–9997.

MSI (Management Systems International). (2008). Are schools safe havens for children? Examining school-related gender-based violence. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADM792.pdf

Muhanguzi, F.K. (2011). Gender and sexual vulnerability of young women in Africa: Experiences of young girls in secondary schools in Uganda. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 13(6), 713-725.

Netshitangani, T. (2017). School management teams’ perspective of the gendered nature of school violence in South African public schools. Gender & Behaviour, 15(2), 9169-9176.

Ogunfowokan, A. A., & Fajemilehin, R. B. (2012). Impact of a school-based sexual abuse prevention
education program on the knowledge and attitude of high school girls. Journal of School Nursing, 28, 459-468.

Ohio State University., C. C. for S. E. (1996). Students in danger: Gender-based violence in our schools. Equity Issues, 2(1).

Parkes, J. (2010). Girls’ education and violence: Reflections on the first decade of the twenty-first century. Presented at Engendering Empowerment: Education and Equality, United Nations Girl’s Education Initiative (UNGEI), Dakar, Senegal. May 17–20. Retrieved from http://www.e4conference.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2010/04/09en.pdf

Parkes, J. (2015). Gender-based violence in education. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/Gender_based_violence_in_education_efa.pdf 

Parkes, J. (2016). The evolution of policy enactment on gender-based violence in schools. Prospects, 46(1), 93-107.

Parkes, J., & Heslop, J. (2013). Stop violence against girls in school: A cross-country analysis of change in Ghana, Kenya and Mozambique. London: ActionAid International. Retrieved from http://www.actionaidusa.org/sites/files/actionaid/svags_-_a_cross_country_analysis_of_baseline_research_from_ghana_kenya_and_mozambique.pdf

Parkes, J., Heslop, J., Johnson Ross, F., Westerveld, R., & Unterhalter, E. (2016). A rigorous review of global research evidence on policy and practice on school-related gender-based violence. United Nations Girl’s Education Initiative (UNGEI), University College London – Institute of Education, UNICEF, Global Partnership for Education, Learning for Peace. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6299.html

Parkes, J., Heslop, J., Oando, S., Sabaa, S., Januario, F., & Figue, A. (2013). Conceptualising gender and
violence in research: Insights from studies in schools and communities in Kenya, Ghana and
Mozambique. International Journal of Educational Development, 33, 546-556.

Postmus, J.L., Hoge, G.L., Davis, R., Johnson, E.K., Koechlein, E., & Winter, S. (2015). Examining gender based violence and abuse among Liberian school students in four counties: An exploratory study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 44, 76–86.

Proulx, G. (2011). Male sexual and gender-based violence in schools: Barriers to community action and strategies for change. The case of Awaso, Ghana. University of Ottawa [Master’s Thesis], Ottawa, Canada. Retrieved from http://ruor.uottawa.ca/bitstream/10393/20569/3/Proulx_Genevieve_2012_Thesis.pdf

Proulx, G.M. & Martinez, A. (2013). Sexual violence against girls in schools: Addressing the gaps between policy and practice in Awaso, Ghana. Journal of Applied Research on Children, 4(2), Article 9. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/childrenatrisk/vol4/iss2/9/

Psaki, S.R., Mensch, B.S., & Soler-Hampejsek, E. (2017). Associations between violence in school and at home and education outcomes in rural Malawi: A longitudinal analysis. Comparative Education Review, 62(2), 354-390.

Rahimi, R., & Liston, D. (2011). Race, class, and emerging sexuality: Teacher perceptions and sexual harassment in schools. Gender and Education, 23(7), 799–810.

Ranchod, S. & Boezak, S. (June 2016). Lessons from Serbia: Addressing gender-based violence through the school without violence programme. Belgrade, Serbia: UNICEF Serbia Country Office. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6351.html

Rasool, S. (2017). Adolescent reports of experiencing gender based violence: Findings from a cross-sectional survey from schools in a South African city. Gender & Behaviour, 15(2), 9133-9145.

Reilly, A. (2014). Adolescent girls’ experiences of violence in school in Sierra Leone and the challenges to sustainable change. Gender & Development, 22(1), 13-29.

RTI International. (2016). Conceptual framework for measuring school-related gender-based violence. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6349.html

RTI International. (2016). Literature review on school-related gender-based violence: How it
is defined and studied. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from https://assets.prb.org/pdf16/IGWG_10.19.16_DERP-SRGBV-LitReview.pdf

Schwandt, H.M. & Underwood, C. (2016). Engaging school personnel in making schools safe for girls in Botswana, Malawi, and Mozambique. International Journal of Educational Development, 46, 53-58. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.10.008

Stein, N. (1999). Sexual harassment in K-12 schools: The public performance of gendered violence. Harvard Educational Review, 65(2), 145-162.

Taylor, B., Stein, N., & Burden, F. (2010). The effects of gender violence/harassment prevention programming in middle schools: A randomized experimental evaluation. Violence and Victims, 25(2), 202–223.

Timmerman, G. (2003). Sexual harassment of adolescents perpetrated by teachers and by peers: An exploration of the dynamics of power, culture, and gender in secondary schools. Sex Roles 48(5-6), 231-244.

Toomey, R., Ryan, C., Diaz, R., Card, N., & Russell, S. (2013). Gender-nonconforming lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth: School victimization and young adult psychosocial adjustment. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1(S), 71–80.

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). (2014). School-related gender-based violence in the Asia-Pacific Region. United National Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). Bangkok, Thailand: UNESCO. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002267/226754E.pdf

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). (2016). Reaching out: Preventing and addressing school-related gender-based violence in Viet Nam. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6413.html

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). (2018). Gender-based violence in schools a significant barrier to the right to education. Retrieved from https://en.unesco.org/news/gender-based-violence-schools-significant-barrier-right-education

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) & United National Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). (n.d.). Why ending school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) is critical to sustainable development. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6344.html

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) & UN Women. (2016). Global guidance on addressing school-related gender-based violence. Retrieved from http://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2016/12/global-guidance-on-addressing-school-related-gender-based-violence

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) & UN Women. (2016). What is school-related gender-based violence? [infographic]. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6381.html

United Nations Population Fund (UNPFA). (2005). Gender-based violence in Sierra Leone: A case study. New York: United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/women/docs/gbv_sierraleone.pdf

UNICEF & Ministry of Education, Science & Technology, Sierra Leone. (n.d.). Training Manual: For girls’ and boys’ clubs on school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) prevention and response. Retrieved from http://www.ungei.org/srgbv/index_6501.html

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2003). Unsafe schools: A literature review of school-related gender-based violence in developing countries. Washington, D.C.: Wellesley Centers for Research on Women & DTS/US Agency for International Development (USAID).

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2008). The Safe Schools Program: Quantitative research instrument to measure school-related gender-based violence. Assessing the knowledge, attitudes, practices and experiences of boys, girls and teachers with physical, psychological and sexual violence [Malawi]. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development. Retrieved from http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADK402.pdf

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2009). Doorways I: Student training manual on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response. US Agency for International Development (USAID). Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED507886.pdf

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2009). Doorways II: Community counselor training manual on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED507887.pdf

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2009). Doorways III: Teacher reference materials on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED507890.pdf

United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2009). Doorways III: Teacher training manual on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response. Washington, DC: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED507888.pdf

University of the Witwatersrand’s School of Law, Centre for Applied Legal Studies, and Cornell Law School’s Avon Global Center for Women and Justice and the International Human Rights Clinic. (2014). Sexual violence by educators in South African schools: Gaps in accountability. New York, NY: Avon Global Center for Women and Justice and Dorothea S. Clarke Program in Feminist Jurisprudence. Retrieved from http://resourcecentre.savethechildren.se/sites/default/files/documents/south_africasexual_violence_by_educators_in_south_african_schools-_gaps_in_accountability_may_2014.pdf

Wible, B. (2004). Making school safe for girls: Combating gender-based violence in Benin. Washington, D.C.: Academy for Educational Development. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED486321

Wilson, F. (2012). Gender based violence in South African schools. Directions in Educational Planning: Symposium to honour the work of Françoise Caillods Conference. Retrieved from https://www.sussex.ac.uk/webteam/gateway/file.php?name=gender-based-violence-in-south-african-schools-felicia-wilson.pdf&site=320

Wilson, F. (2015). Gender-based harassment of girls: School personnel’s perceptions and institutional responses (Order No. 3713999).

Women and Law in Southern Africa Trust-Zambia, Cornell Law School’s Avon Global Center for Women and Justice and the International Human Rights Clinic. (2012). They are destroying our futures: Sexual violence against girls in Zambia’s schools. New York, NY: Avon Global Center for Women and Justice and Dorothea S. Clarke Program in Feminist Jurisprudence. Retrieved from http://www.lawschool.cornell.edu/womenandjustice/Conferences-andEvents/upload/Sexual-Violence-Against-Girls-in-Zambia-s-Schools.pdf

Yarnell, L.M., Pasch, K.E., Brown III, H.S., Perry, C.L., & Komro, K.A. (2014). Cross-gender social normative effects for violence in middle school: Do girls carry a social multiplier effect for at-risk boys? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(9), 1–21.