Disrupting Whiteness in Libraries and Librarianship: A Reading List
This guide is in progress.
Developed by Karla J. Strand, DPhil, MLIS
Gender and Women’s Studies Librarian
University of Wisconsin System
This bibliography is number 89 in the series “Bibliographies in Gender and Women’s Studies,” published by the University of Wisconsin System Office of the Gender and Women’s Studies Librarian.
This bibliography contains citations and links (when available) to resources focused on race, racism, and disrupting whiteness and white supremacy in libraries. Particular emphasis is placed on the field of library and information science and librarianship as a profession. The resources are organized by topic; non-LIS-specific resources can be found at the bottom of the list. Updates to the list will be highlighted at the top with the date. “New” indicates a new addition to this guide, not necessarily a newly-published resource.
If you have suggestions of resources for this list, please contact Karla Strand, GWSL, firstname.lastname@example.org.
New to this list (updated 19 August 2019)
- Added heading: “Attribution and Citation” (See below for resources)
- Changed heading: “Knowledge Organization” to “Knowledge Organization, Classification, and Cataloging”
- Added the blog: The Ink on the Page: Idea Splotches from an (African) American Librarian
- Added new resources (THANK YOU to Dr. Isabel Espinal, Prof. Kaetrena Kendrick, and Ray Pun for the suggestions!):
- Alabi, J. (2015). Racial microaggressions in academic libraries: Results of a survey of minority and non-minority librarians. Journal of Academic Librarianship 41(1): 57-53.
- Alabi, J. (2015). “This actually happened:” An analysis of librarians’ responses to a survey about racial microaggressions. Journal of Library Administration, 55(3): 179-191.
- Berry, J. D. (2004). White privilege in library land. Library Journal. 129 (11), 50.
- Clarke, J.H., Pun, R., & Tong, M., eds. (2017). Asian American Librarians and Library Services: Activism, Collaboration and Strategies. MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
- Espinal, I. & Sutherland, T. & Roh, C. (2018). A Holistic Approach for Inclusive Librarianship: Decentering Whiteness in Our Profession. Library Trends 67(1), 147-162.
- Hand, S. (2012). Transmitting Whiteness: Librarians, children, and race, 1900-1930s. Progressive Librarian, (38/39), 34-63.
- Kendrick, K. (2019, Feb. 13). Tweet-dux: White Supremacy and Racism in the PoC Low-Morale Experience. Renewals. Retrieved from https://renewerslis.wordpress.com/2019/02/13/tweet-dux-white-supremacy-and-racism-in-the-poc-low-morale-experience/
- Kendrick, K. (2018, March 19). Running The Gauntlet: Lives of Practicing Minority Academic Librarians. The Ink On The Page. Retrieved from https://theinkonthepageblog.wordpress.com/2018/03/19/the-gauntlet-the-life-of-the-practicing-minority-academic-librarian/
- Kendrick, K. (2018, May 21). Considering: The Diversity Discount. The Ink On The Page. Retrieved from https://theinkonthepageblog.wordpress.com/2018/05/21/the-diversity-discount/
- Kendrick, K. (2018, Feb. 5). Considering: Deauthenticity in the Workplace. The Ink On The Page. Retrieved from https://theinkonthepageblog.wordpress.com/2018/02/05/considering-deauthenticity-in-the-workplace/
- Lipsitz, G. (2008). Libraries & memories: Beyond white privilege 101. Progressive Librarian, (32), 3-9.
- Macias, M. (2016, October 23). Whiteness in libraries. Lowrider Librarian. Retrieved from http://lowriderlibrarian.blogspot.com/2016/10/whiteness-in-libraries.html.
- Walker, C. On Privilege, Intersectionality, and the Librarian Image. Cecily Walker. Retrieved from https://cecily.info/2013/12/20/on-privilege-intersectionality-and-the-librarian-image/
Blogs, Orgs, and Periodicals
- Blackburn, F. (2015). The intersection between cultural competence and whiteness in libraries. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. Retrieved from http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2015/culturalcompetence/
- Bourg, C. (2014). The unbearable whiteness of librarianship. Feral Librarian. Retrieved from https://chrisbourg.wordpress.com/2014/03/03/the-unbearable-whiteness-of-librarianship/
- Davis-Kendrick, K.D. (2009). The Kaleidoscope concern: An annotated chronological bibliography of diversity, recruitment, retention, and other concerns regarding African American and ethnic library professionals in the United States. Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/publications/booksanddigitalresources/digital/kaleidoscopic.pdf
- Espinal, I. (2001). A new vocabulary for inclusive librarianship: Applying whiteness theory to our profession. In L. Castillo-Speed (Ed.), The power of language = el poder de la palabra: Selected papers from the second REFORMA National Conference (pp. 131-149). Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited. Retrieved from https://works.bepress.com/isabel_espinal/5/
- Ettarh, F. (2014). Making a new table: Intersectional librarianship. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. Retrieved from http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2014/making-a-new-table-intersectional-librarianship-3/
- Gohr, M. (2017). Ethnic and racial diversity in libraries: How white allies can support arguments for decolonization. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 3, 42–58. Retrieved from https://journal.radicallibrarianship.org/index.php/journal/article/view/5
Hathcock, A. (2015). White librarianship in blackface: Diversity initiatives in LIS. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. Retrieved from http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2015/lis-diversity/
- Honma, T. (2005). Trippin’ over the color line: The invisibility of race in library and information studies. Interactions, 1(2). https://escholarship.org/uc/item/4nj0w1mp
- Hudson, D.J. (2017). On ‘Diversity’ as Anti-Racism in LIS: A Critique. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24242/jclis.v1i1.6
- Morales, M., Knowles, E. C., & Bourg, C. (2014). Diversity, social justice, and the future of libraries. Libraries and the Academy, 14(3), 439-451. DOI: 10.1353/pla.2014.0017. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/article/549202
- Pateman, J. (2003). Libraries contribution to solidarity and social justice in a world of neo-liberal globalisation. Information for Social Change, 18. Retrieved from http://libr.org/isc/articles/18-Pateman-2.html
- Schlesselman-Tarango, G., ed. (2017.) Topographies of whiteness: Mapping whiteness in library and information science. CA: Library Juice Press.
- Schlesselman-Tarango, G., ed. (2016). The legacy of Lady Bountiful: White women in the library. Library Trends, 64(4). Retrieved from https://muse.jhu.edu/article/622027
- Sierpe, E. (2019). Confronting Librarianship and its Function in the Structure of White Supremacy and the Ethno State. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from https://journal.radicallibrarianship.org/index.php/journal/article/view/39
- Swanson, Damasco, Gonzalez-Smith, Hodges, Honma, & Tanaka. (2015). Why diversity matters: A roundtable discussion on racial and ethnic diversity in librarianship. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. Retrieved from http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2015/why-diversity-matters-a-roundtable-discussion-on-racial-and-ethnic-diversity-in-librarianship/
- Velez, L. & Villa-Nicholas, M. (2017). Mapping race and racism in U.S. library history literature, 1997-2015. Library Trends 65(4), 540-554. Retrieved from https://muse.jhu.edu/article/669456/pdf
- Yeo, S. & Jacobs, J.R. (2006). Diversity matters? Rethinking diversity in libraries. Counterpoise 9(2), 5-8. Retrieved from https://freegovinfo.info/files/diversity_counterpoise.pdf
- Anaya, T. & Maxey-Harris, C. (2017). Diversity and Inclusion. SPEC Kit 356. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries. Retrieved from https://publications.arl.org/Diversity-Inclusion-SPEC-Kit-356/
- Brook, F., Ellenwood, D., & Lazzaro, A.E. (2015). In pursuit of antiracist social justice: Denaturalizing whiteness in the academic library. Library Trends, 64(2). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/43d8/f06a09e80f11e3db3f18908494acbc52de6d.pdf
Buttlar, L. (1994). Facilitating cultural diversity in college and university libraries. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 20(1), 10-14. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0099133394901287
Lazzaro, A.E., Mills, S., Garrard, T., Ferguson, E., Watson, M., & Ellenwood, D. (2014). Cultural competency on campus: Applying ACRL’s diversity standards. College and Research Libraries News, 75(6), 332-335. https://crln.acrl.org/index.php/crlnews/article/view/9145
Martin, R. 1994. Libraries and the changing face of academia: Responses to growing multicultural populations. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.
Trujillo & Weber. (1991). Academic library responses to cultural diversity: A position paper for the 1990s. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 17(3), 157-61. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ433187
- Warner, J.N. (2001). Moving beyond whiteness in North American academic libraries. Libri 51, 167-172. doi:10.1515/LIBR.2001.167 Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.524.6115&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Whitmire, E. (1999). Racial differences in the academic library experiences of undergraduates. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 25(1), 33-37. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099133399801736
- Botnick, J. (2019). Archivists as Amici Curiae: Activating Critical Archival Theory to Confront Racialized Surveillance. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from https://journal.radicallibrarianship.org/index.php/journal/article/view/35.
- Caswell, M. (2017). Teaching to Dismantle White Supremacy in Archives. The Library Quarterly, 87(3), 222-235. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1086/692299
- Caswell, M. (2014). Inventing New Archival Imaginaries: Theoretical Foundations for Identity-Based Community Archives. In Identity Palimpsests: Ethnic Archiving in the U.S. and Canada, edited by Dominique Daniel and Amalia Levi. Sacramento, CA: Litwin.
- Caswell, M., Broman, G., Kirmer, J., Martin, L., & Sowry, N. (2012). Implementing a Social Justice Framework in an Introduction to Archives Course: Lessons from Both Sides of the Classroom. InterActions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information Studies, 8(2).
- Dunbar, A. (2006). Introducing critical race theory to archival discourse: Getting the conversation started. Archival Science 6, 109-129.
- Eagle, J.H. (2019). “I Want Them to Know We Suffer Here”: Preserving Records of Migrant Detention in Opposition to Racialized Immigration Enforcement Structures. Journal of Radical Librarianship, 5. Retrieved from https://journal.radicallibrarianship.org/index.php/journal/article/view/32
- Gilliland, A. (2011). Neutrality, Social Justice, and the Obligations of Archival Education and Educators in the Twenty-First Century. Archival Science 11(3–4), 193–209.
- Jules, B. (2016). Confronting Our Failure of Care Around the Legacies of Marginalized People in the Archives. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/on-archivy/confronting-our-failure-of-care-around-the-legacies-of-marginalized-people-in-the-archives-dc4180397280
- Kim, E. (2017). Appraising Newness: Whiteness, Neoliberalism & the Building of the Archive for New Poetry. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24242/jclis.v1i2.38
Ramirez, M.H. (2015). Being assumed not to be: A critique of whiteness as an archival imperative. The American Archivist, 78(2), 339-356. doi:10.17723/0360-9081.78.2.339 http://americanarchivist.org/doi/abs/10.17723/0360-9081.78.2.339?code=same-site
- Sutherland, T. (2017). Archival Amnesty: In Search of Black American Transitional and Restorative Justice. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24242/jclis.v1i2.42
- Williams, S. & Drake, J. (2017). Power to the People: Documenting Police Violence in Cleveland. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(2). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24242/jclis.v1i2.33
Attribution and Citation
Bowers, J., Crowe, K., & Keeran, P. (2017). “If you want the history of a white man, you go to the library”: Critiquing our legacy, addressing our library collection gaps. Collection Management, 42(3-4), 159-179. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01462679.2017.1329104
Herrera, G. (2016). Undergraduate library collection use and diversity: Testing for racial and gender differences. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 16(4), 763-774. https://preprint.press.jhu.edu/portal/sites/ajm/files/16.4herrera.pdf
Diversity/Multicultural Studies Librarianship
- Harrell, M. & Menon, V. (nd). Serving diverse library users: The multicultural studies librarian at an urban research university. Retreived from www.lib.uiowa.edu/wwwarchive/cicdiversity/harrell.doc
- Ransom, C. (1994). The Diversity Librarian. In Cultural diversity in libraries edited by Riggs and Tarin. NY: Neal Schuman.
- Cooke, N. A. (2017). The GSLS Carnegie Scholars: Guests in Someone Else’s House. Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 1(1), 46-71. DOI: 10.5325/libraries.1.1.0046. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5325/libraries.1.1.0046
- Hanbury, D. (2018). “It is simply out of the question to eliminate the colorline”: The Development of Black Library Service in Atlanta and the Integration of the Atlanta Public Library. Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 2(1), 24-47. DOI: 10.5325/libraries.2.1.0024
- Knowlton, S.A. (2017). The “Negro Branch” Library in Memphis: A Case Study of Public Services in a Segregated Southern City. Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 1(1), 23-45. DOI: 10.5325/libraries.1.1.0023
- Stauffer, S.M. (2017). Libraries Are the Homes of Books: Whiteness in the Construction of School Libraries. Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 1(2), 194-212. DOI: 10.5325/libraries.1.2.0194
- Wiegand, W. (2017). “Any Ideas?”: The American Library Association and the Desegregation of Public Libraries in the American South. Libraries: Culture, History, and Society, 1(1), 1-22. DOI:10.5325/libraries.1.1.0001
Knowledge Organization, Classification, and Cataloging
- Adler, M. (2017). Classification along the color line: Excavating racism in the stacks. Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies, 1(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.24242/jclis.v1i1.17
- Broadley, S. & Baron, J. (2019). Change the subject. [film.] Dartmouth College. Retrieved from https://sites.dartmouth.edu/changethesubject/
- Duarte, M. & Belarde-Lewis, M. (2015). Imagining: Creating Spaces for Indigenous Ontologies. Cataloging and Classification Quarterly 53(5–6), 677–702.
Fox, M.J. (2016). ‘Priorities of arrangement’ or a ‘hierarchy of oppressions?’: Perspectives on intersectionality in knowledge organization. Knowledge Organization, 43(5), 373-383. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305401320_Priorities_of_Arrangement_or_a_Hierarchy_of_Oppressions_Perspectives_on_Intersectionality_in_Knowledge_Organization
Librarians of Color
- Chou, R.L. & Pho, A., eds. (2018). Pushing the Margins: Women of Color and Intersectionality in LIS. Library Juice Press.
- de la Peña McCook, K., ed. (1998). Women of color in librarianship: An oral history. Chicago: American Library Association.
Gonzalez-Smith, I., Swanson, J., & Tanaka, A. (2014). Unpacking identity: Racial, ethnic, and professional identity and academic librarians of color. In N. Pagowsky & M. Rigby, eds., The librarian stereotype: Deconstructing perceptions and presentations of information work (pp. 149-173). Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries.
- Hankins, R. & Juarez, M. eds. (2016). Where are all the librarians of color? The experiences of people of color in academia. Library Juice Press.
Jackson, P., Jefferson, Jr., J.C., & Nosakhere, A.S., eds. (2012). The 21st-century black librarian in America. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
- Kendrick, K. & Damasco, I.T. (2019). The Low-Morale Experience of Minority Academic Librarians: A Review. Presentation delivered at IDEAL 2019. Retrieved from https://prezi.com/pqawnmki_foy/the-low-morale-experience-of-minority-academic-librarians-a-review/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
- McLaughlin, M. (2005). The need for American Indian librarians. Native American Times. Reprinted in Versed: the Bulletin of the Office for Diversity American Library Association.
- Cooke, N.A. & Sweeney, M.E., eds. (2017). Teaching for justice: Implementing social justice in the LIS classroom. Library Juice Press.
- Cooke, N., Sweeney, M., & Noble, S.U. (2016). Social Justice as Topic and Tool: An Attempt to Transform an LIS Curriculum and Culture. Library Quarterly 86(1), 107–24.
- Gabiola, J. (2016). Instruction for Inclusion: Addressing Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the LIS Curriculum. Paper presented at the Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) conference, Boston, MA.
Pawley, C. (2006). Unequal legacies: Race and multiculturalism in the LIS curriculum. The Library Quarterly, 76(2). Retrieved from https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/506955
- Peterson, L. (1996). Alternative perspectives in library and information science: Issues of race. Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, 37(2), 163–174.
Roberts, S.T. & Noble, S.U. (2016). Empowered to name, inspired to act: Social responsibility and diversity as calls to action in the LIS context. Library Trends, 64(3). Retrieved from https://muse.jhu.edu/article/613921
Recruitment, Staffing, and Hiring
Hall, T. D. (2012). The black body at the reference desk: Critical race theory and black librarianship. In A. P. Jackson, J. C. Jefferson, Jr., & A. S. Nosakhere (Eds.), The 21st-century black librarian in America (pp. 197-202). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
- Josey, E. J. (1972). Libraries, reading, and the liberation of black people. The Library Scene, 1(1), 4-7.
Lance, K.C. (2005, May). Racial and ethnic diversity of US library workers. American Libraries, 41-45. Retrieved from https://www.lrs.org/documents/workforce/Racial_and_Ethnic.pdf
- Morehart, P. (2018). Battling racism below the surface: Interactive session sheds light on bias in the workplace. American Libraries. Retrieved from https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/blogs/the-scoop/battling-racism-surface/
- Neely, T.Y. & Abif, K.K. (1996). In our own voices: The changing face of librarianship. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow.
- Neely, T.Y. & Lopez-McKnight, J.R. (2018). In our own voices, redux: The faces of librarianship today. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Pho, A., & Masland, T. (2014). The revolution will not be stereotyped: Changing perceptions through diversity. In N. Pagowsky & M. Rigby (Eds.), The librarian stereotype: Deconstructing perceptions & presentations of information work (pp. 257-282). Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries. Retrieved from http://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1164&context=ulib_fac
- Riggs & Tarin, eds. (1994). Cultural Diversity in Libraries. NY: Neal Schuman.
- Schlesselman-Tarango, G. (2017). How cute! Race, gender, and neutrality in libraries. Partnership: The Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 12(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.21083/partnership.v12i1.3850
- St. Lifer, E. & Nelson, C. (1997). Unequal opportunities: Race does matter. Library Journal, 42–46.
Stoffle, C.J. & Tarin, P.A. (1994). No place for neutrality: The case for multiculturalism. Library Journal 119(12). Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/10251094/No_Place_for_Neutrality_The_Case_for_Multiculturalism?auto=download
Other Whiteness, etc. (not LIS-specific)
- Anderson, C. (2016). White rage: The unspoken truth of our racial divide. Bloomsbury USA.
- Bonilla-Silva, E. (2017). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Rowman & Littlefield. [5th ed.]
- Crenshaw, K. (1991). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stanford Law Review, 43(6), 1241-1299.
DiAngelo, R. (2018). White fragility: Why it’s so hard for white people to talk about racism. Beacon Press.
DiAngelo, R. (2011). White fragility. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3(3). Retrieved from http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ijcp/article/view/249
- Dyson, M.E. (2017). Tears We Cannot Stop: A Sermon to White America. New York: St. Martin’s.
- Eberhardt, J.L. (2019). Biased: Uncovering the hidden prejudice that shapes what we see, think, and do. Viking.
- Feagin, J.R. (2013). The white racial frame: Centuries of framing and counter-framing. Routledge. [second ed.]
Frankenberg, R. 1993. White women, race matters: The social construction of whiteness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
- Gusa, D.L. (2010). White Institutional Presence: The Impact of Whiteness on Campus Climate. Harvard Educational Review, 80(4), 464-490. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.80.4.p5j483825u110002
Hill, M., ed. (1997). Whiteness: A critical reader. New York: New York University Press.
- Oluo, I. (2018). So you want to talk about race. Seal Press.
- Tatum, B.D. (2017). Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?: And Other Conversations About Race. Basic Books. [updated ed.]
- Peggy McIntosh: