In general, library services that involve copying or other reproduction of copyrighted materials meet at least one of the following conditions.
Such library use is permitted because:
- the material is in the public domain;
- the copyright holder has given permission for the use;
- the libraries have paid a royalty or other fee for the use;
- a governing contract or license agreement permits the use;
- the use is allowable under the provisions of copyright statute (Sec. 108: Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Reproduction by Libraries and Archives);
- the use is allowable under the provisions of Fair Use (Sec. 107: Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use) as determined using a case-by-case fair use analysis of the four factors: purpose, nature, amount, market effect.
Adapted from the University of Minnesota: General Conditions of Use: