THE

ANTIQUITIES OF WISCONSIN,

AS

SURVEYED AND DESCRIBED.

BY

I. A. LAPHAM
CIVIL ENGINEER, ETC.,

ON BEHALF OF THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.


PUBLISHED BY THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,
WASHINGTON D.C.
JUNE 1855


Electronic Edition Copyright 1999 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System.

An electronic resource from the Digital Content Group of the UW-Madison Libraries.

Last update: April 26, 2005

Send feedback to: digitalcontent@library.wisc.edu



CONTENTS
Text Links Page Images
NOTICE, iii
PREFACE, v
CONTENTS, vii
LIST OF PLATES, ix
LIST OF WOOD ENGRAVINGS, xi
INTRODUCTION, 1
CHAPTER I ANCIENT WORKS IN THE VICINITY OF THE WESTERN SHORE OF LAKE MICHIGAN, 5
CHAPTER II ANCIENT WORKS IN THE BASIN OF THE PISHTAKA RIVER, 23
CHAPTER III ANCIENT WORKS IN THE BASIN OF ROCK RIVER, 32
CHAPTER IV ANCIENT WORKS IN THE BASIN OF THE NEENAH, OR FOX RIVER OF GREEN BAY, 60
CHAPTER V ANCIENT WORKS IN THE BASIN OF THE WISCONSIN RIVER, 66
CHAPTER VI ANCIENT WORKS IN THE VICINITY OF LAKE SUPERIOR, AND MISCELLANEOUS LOCALITIES, 74
CHAPTER VII CONTENTS OF THE MOUNDS; REMAINS OF ANCIENT WORKMANSHIP, 80
CHAPTER VIII CONCLUDING REMARKS, 89

Project Notes
About the Original About the Electronic Edition Using the Electronic Edition

The Antiquities of Wisconsin, Increase A. Lapham's most important published work, was the result of his interest in the Indian effigy mounds found on Wisconsin's Landscape. His research for the work was funded by the American Antiquarian Society and it was published in the Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge series. Antiquities includes 92 pages of text, illustrated with 61 wood engravings, and 55 lithographed plates.

For a sampling of other works by and about Increase Lapham, including an extensive biographical sketch, visit the Wisconsin Electronic Reader, another digital resource from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries.

This electronic edition of Increase A. Lapham's The Antiquities of Wisconsin was produced in conjunction with the Increase A. Lapham Library Project by the Digital Production Facility of the University of Wisconsin General Library System. The Lapham Library Project sought to identify, locate and preserve the extant volumes of Increase Lapham's library which was acquired by the University of Wisconsin in 1876. It was funded by the University of Wisconsin - Madison General Library System from November 1998 through June 2000. Rob Nurre conceived of the Lapham Library Project and served as Principal Researcher.

The images used in this electronic edition were scanned from an original copy of The Antiquities of Wisconsin generously loaned by Rob Nurre for that purpose.

Web design and development by Steven Dast, Digital Production Coordinator.

Scanning by Sarah Statz and Heather McCullough of the Kurt F. Wendt Library. Scanning of oversize materials by Jennifer Iserman of the Digital Production Facility.

This online resource is provided in three distinct formats: text, page images, and PDF (Adobe's Portable Document Format). The text version, accessible through the text links in the table of contents, above, provides the best legibility on screen, is the easiest version to use for navigation and allows you to view a full chapter at one time. The page images are facsimile reproductions of the original pages, which allow you to see the layout of the original publication and verify the accuracy of the text transcription. Page image navigation is more limited, and information is displayed only one page at a time. The PDF version divides the original edition into two files, available here: the first (8.3 MB) reproduces the introductory material and text pages, while the second (45.6 MB) reproduces the lithograph plates. The PDF version will provide the best reproduction of the original item if you wish to print pages on your own printer. Depending on your browser settings and plug-ins, the PDF file may display in the browser window, or may be downloaded for use on your machine. Note that the Adobe Acrobat Reader software is required for viewing the PDF files. This software is pre-installed on many computers, or is available for download from Adobe's website.

The text version includes hyperlinks to the page images in the form of page numbers inserted into the text where the original page breaks occurred. In addition, wherever a lithograph plate is referred to within the text, that reference is hyperlinked to the page image of that plate. Note that the plates, being graphical in nature, are provided as page images, not as text. Finally, use the Next and Previous links at the top and bottom of each page in the text version to navigate from chapter to chapter.

The page image version also includes Next and Previous links, which can be used to navigate from page to page. In addition, each page image includes a link back to the transcribed text of that page, or, in the case of plates, to the pages from which that plate is referenced. It is also possible to jump to an arbitrary page image by editing the URL.

The PDF version contains no navigation enhancments beyond what is supplied by the Acrobat Reader software.


Reprint Information
The University of Wisconsin Press, in partnership with the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, has published a reprint edition of the Antiquities of Wisconsin, including a detailed introduction by Lapham scholar Robert P. Nurre and a foreword by Wisconsin state archaeologist Robert A. Birmingham.